Pago por servicios ecosistémicos de los recursos hídricos y su valoración económica

Oscar Paredes-Vilca


Con la finalidad de brindar información sobre el impacto de las iniciativas económicas vinculadas a atenuar los daños ambientales, el presente documento contiene revisión bibliográfica de los últimos 5 años sobre instrumentos económicos (pago por servicios ecosistémicos e impuestos ambientales) empleados en la mitigación del sobreuso de recursos hídricos. Así mismo clasifica diversos estudios de valoración economía en relación a la metodología que emplean para valorar determinados servicios ecosistémicos provistos por los recursos hídricos. Los que diseñan políticas públicas al implementar impuestos ambientales dirigidos a determinados niveles de consumo deben considerar aspectos cómo la acumulación de la contaminación para garantizar la sostenibilidad del suministro de servicios ecosistémicos. Incluir los valores obtenidos en valoración económica en el análisis costos – beneficio puede ayudar en la toma de decisiones de inversión en restauración o recuperación del capital natural.

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